Different Parts of a Tree and Their Functions [Infographic]

Each section of a tree serves a unique function that contributes to its overall health and well-being. Understanding these parts and their roles can give you a greater appreciation of these vital components of our ecosystem and can guide you in how best to care for and maintain them. 

In this article, we’ll explore the different parts of a tree, their functions and the arborist services often associated with them.

What are the parts of a tree called?

What are parts of a tree called? And what are their functions? - Artemis Tree Services

Roots

The roots of a tree are generally underground and serve multiple functions. They anchor the tree into the ground, absorb water and nutrients from the soil, and store excess nutrients for later. 

Services such as root pruning or the installation of root barriers provide root care.

Trunk

The trunk acts as the tree’s structural backbone. It supports the crown and connects the roots with the leaves.  It plays a pivotal role in the transportation of nutrients and water throughout the tree.

Services related to the trunk include tree felling and pruning.

Bark

The bark is the protective layer covering the trunk, branches and twigs of the tree. It acts as a shield against environmental hazards like pests and diseases. 

Tree surgeons often assess the health of a tree by examining the bark.

Branches

Branches extend from the trunk and serve as the supporting structure for leaves, flowers and fruits.

Pollarding is often necessary to maintain the health and aesthetics of the tree’s branches.

Leaves

The leaves are the tree’s energy producers. Through a process called photosynthesis, they convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into food for the tree. 

The condition of the leaves often provides insight into the overall health of the tree. Tree surgeons routinely prune leaves to ensure maximum exposure to sunlight and air circulation.

Crown

The crown of a tree is the top part where the branches and leaves extend out. It’s responsible for catching sunlight necessary for photosynthesis.

Services like crown thinning, reduction and lifting are often implemented to maintain the crown’s shape and health.

Stump

The stump is what’s left of the tree trunk after a tree has been cut down. While some property owners opt to leave the stump for aesthetic or ecological reasons, others choose to remove it. The stump can become a habitat for pests or fungi if not properly taken care of, posing potential threats to other plants and trees in the area.

Services related to the stump include stump removal and stump grinding.

 

Do your trees need professional care? Artemis Tree Services are specialists in all aspects of tree surgery, from root to crown. We’re here to help keep your trees healthy and vibrant. 

Get in touch with us today for expert advice and high-quality tree services.

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Verified customer feedback

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616 reviews

Excellent

Paul

I thought the Artemis team were absolutely brilliant. From coming to quote , prompt , and cutting back 2 oak trees they did a highly Professional and excellent job.... I thought the Artemis team were absolutely brilliant. From coming to quote , prompt , and cutting back 2 oak trees they did a highly Professional and excellent job.

3 days ago

Jill, Pinner

Efficient, thorough. Listened to what we wanted and carried out expertly. All v neat and tidy. Good job all round....

1 week ago

J M

Thank you Artemis for your excellent tree surgery work as part of ongoing maintenance over many years. The garden poses problems, but as ever the team were cheerful, efficient and everything was carri... Thank you Artemis for your excellent tree surgery work as part of ongoing maintenance over many years. The garden poses problems, but as ever the team were cheerful, efficient and everything was carried out exactly as planned. I shall continue to recommend Artemis.

2 weeks ago

Green hill housing

we have had work done with them and they do a wonderful job, from start to finish everything was perfect again, not a leaf leaf left behind, workmen were polite and professional.... we have had work done with them and they do a wonderful job, from start to finish everything was perfect again, not a leaf leaf left behind, workmen were polite and professional.

2 weeks ago

Jan

Artemis took down two lime trees who's roots had damaged the garage floor and were an inch away from the foundations of the house . The trees were in a very awkward place to get to but this didn't see... Artemis took down two lime trees who's roots had damaged the garage floor and were an inch away from the foundations of the house . The trees were in a very awkward place to get to but this didn't seem to trouble this highly competent team. The team were extremely well equipped , and they worked together like a well oiled machine. We were delighted with their work, tidiness and very pleasant manner. And it was at a fair price.

1 month ago

David Pooley

Excellent value, great work on a terrible day...good lads!...

1 month ago

Diana Stuckey

Excellent service with experienced people who did an excellent job of pruning my tree. Would definitely use them again....

2 months ago

Jonathan

Martin and Luke arrived on time They were polite and did the job to my total satisfaction and cleared up Took the time they said it would when they arrived Well done!... Martin and Luke arrived on time They were polite and did the job to my total satisfaction and cleared up Took the time they said it would when they arrived Well done!

2 months ago

Phil

Very professional job. The man in charge was excellent. Did the job exactly as we wanted it. Would highly recommend....

3 months ago

Anonymous

I have used Artemis a number of times and always feel confident that they offer an excellent service all the way through from the first visit to the final clearing up. They are knowledgeable, profess... I have used Artemis a number of times and always feel confident that they offer an excellent service all the way through from the first visit to the final clearing up. They are knowledgeable, professional and friendly. They do great job and I would highly recommend.

3 months ago

Anonymous

Friendly staff. Work carried out efficiently. Left the area clean and tidy. Would definitely recommend Artemis....

3 months ago

Chris

Artemis are very efficient, knowledgeable, professional and easy to deal with....

4 months ago

David

This was the first time we have used Artemis, and the whole process from initial enquiry through to completion was very easy. We would definitely recommend their services, and will be using them again... This was the first time we have used Artemis, and the whole process from initial enquiry through to completion was very easy. We would definitely recommend their services, and will be using them again I'm sure.

4 months ago

Natasha

Fantastic service from your team at Artemis. We needed a tree in our garden heavily crowned, having let it grow far too tall. We couldn’t be happier with the work done; the team were so professional, ... Fantastic service from your team at Artemis. We needed a tree in our garden heavily crowned, having let it grow far too tall. We couldn’t be happier with the work done; the team were so professional, really lovely and left our garden tidier than it was before they arrived. We won’t hesitate to recommend Artemis to anyone needing tree work done

5 months ago

Anonymous

Excellent service from first quote to final job. Very good communications and reminders so I knew exactly when they were arriving. Polite and hard working team who cleared up perfectly. Would definite... Excellent service from first quote to final job. Very good communications and reminders so I knew exactly when they were arriving. Polite and hard working team who cleared up perfectly. Would definitely recommend.

5 months ago

Ajay Lal

Efficient and effective service. On site team were polite and ensured the site was left clean and tidy....

5 months ago

Anonymous

From approval for the pruning to tidying up after they left, the team has been impeccably professional, pleasant and kind....

5 months ago

Anonymous

Excellent service. Punctual and extremely professional manner in which they carry out their work. Really happy with the work done . Would definitely use the company again.... Excellent service. Punctual and extremely professional manner in which they carry out their work. Really happy with the work done . Would definitely use the company again.

5 months ago

Terry

We have been using Artemis Tree Services for many years now and have just had our annual tree and shrub maintenance visit. Wonderful job as usual. The garden now looks great thanks to a very hard work... We have been using Artemis Tree Services for many years now and have just had our annual tree and shrub maintenance visit. Wonderful job as usual. The garden now looks great thanks to a very hard working and knowledgable team. Thanks again, see you next year.

6 months ago

Anonymous

Excellent service from start to finish. Clear quotes, no jargon, prompt responses to queries and arrived on time. A large tree was expertly removed and recycled. The very professional and pleasant tea... Excellent service from start to finish. Clear quotes, no jargon, prompt responses to queries and arrived on time. A large tree was expertly removed and recycled. The very professional and pleasant team even removed the leaves from the lawn. Thoroughly recommend! Very reasonable pricing also. No hidden extras.

6 months ago

David Lynn

The team arrived on time, carried out all the requested work and left our garden neat and tidy. The tree work was as planned , we are very pleased and would recommend the company with no hesitation.... The team arrived on time, carried out all the requested work and left our garden neat and tidy. The tree work was as planned , we are very pleased and would recommend the company with no hesitation.

7 months ago